Great Crested Newts at Kinderland and Marvel’s

Great Crested Newts, otherwise known as Northern Crested Newts, are a type of aquatic amphibian found across Europe and parts of Asia. In England, Wales and Scotland they are a protected species.

Above: A male Great Crested Newt (source)

Although primarily land dwellers, these newts breed in water (mainly ponds and pools), where the female lays her eggs on sub-aquatic plants. Due to their vulnerability to fish predation, great crested newts tend to steer clear of areas of water in which fishes dwell, hence there preference for smaller inland pools and ponds.

Above: A great crested newt egg on the leaf of a sub-aquatic plant (source)

In this respect, the boating lake in Northstead Manor Gardens, Scarborough, has traditionally provided an ideal breeding ground for the great crested newts, in spite of the fact that it is man-made. The frequent draining of the lake – an important part of its upkeep over the years – has maintained a safe and relatively fish free environment for newt reproduction.

boatinglake

Above: Northstead Manor Gardens Boating Lake – in the background (source)

The boating lake has long been a fixture in Northstead Manor Gardens, formerly known as the Pleasure Park, and is an artificial feature created specially for the area in the 1930s, along with a miniature railway, water chute and open air theatre. The park was completed in 1935.

Above: Old postcard showing the boating lake (source)

Going back to the great crested newts…

From the 1940s onwards, loss of natural habitat (along with other factors) severely curtailed numbers of this amphibian species, and the 1981 Wildlife and Countryside Act pledged to protect them; requiring their preservation by law.

Above: A page from the Wildlife and Countryside Act of 1981 (source)

Due to this obligation to protect the newts, they were moved to specially prepared locations for safety. One of these was the popular children’s adventure playground – Kinderland, a company that took over the operation of the nearby boating lake and  water chute in 1984.

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Above: Reproduction of the sign from the newts’ area at Kinderland (from the author’s personal collection)

Some of the newts travelled to Marvel’s instead – the amusement park on the other side of the boating lake, formerly known as Scarborough Zoo. It has been difficult to establish whether this occurred before or after the site closed to the public in 2002.

Above: During its tenure as Scarborough Zoo, the site was home to many different animals (source)

According to the Yorkshire Post, the newts at Marvel’s occupied an area close to the former chairlift route, their presence leaving developers unable to fully dismantle cabling after the theme park’s closure in 2002. When Kinderland closed several years later in 2007, similar problems emerged. Obliged by law to ensure the continued survival of the newts, both developers and Scarborough Council (owners of the lease for both sites) were faced with finding and preparing new habitats.

Above: An overgrown Kinderland – prior to the clearing of the site (source)

This challenge was further complicated by the hibernation cycle of the newts – all had to be captured prior to their winter retreat.

Above: The former Marvel’s site – now derelict (source)

According to the Scarborough News, the remaining newts were rehoused in specially designed habitats – including one located in the Northstead Manor Gardens, and another at the North Cliff Golf Club.

Above: North Cliff Golf Course – a picturesque setting for a new habitat? (source)

As for the boating lake – where the story began – this is now owned by North Bay Railway, and is due to re-open in May 2014. Like the water chute, it has survived long before and after its affiliation with Kinderland. Hopefully the great crested newts also will remain an enduring part of the natural landscape.

Any nature experts out there? Are there any mistakes in this post – if so please leave a comment. The same applies if you know anything about the newts and their Scarborough story – information seems to be rather sporadic and difficult to verify. Alternatively you can also comment via the Facebook Page.

Sources

Scarborough News

The Yorkshire Post

Scarborough Biodiversity Action Plan

The Sands

DEFRA (Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)

Wildlife & Countryside Act 1981

The Historic Water Chute

One of Kinderland’s best loved features was the Water Chute.

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Above: The Kinderland Water Chute (from the author’s personal collection)

Passengers boarded this boat-shaped vessel and were swiftly transported, via tracks, down to the nearby boating lake in Northstead Manor Gardens.

Manor Gardens

Above: The former Kinderland boating lake – the Water Chute tracks are just on the left behind the trees (source)

The descent ended with a huge splash, and the ride was completely free for Kinderland ticket holders.

Kinderland

Above: Another view of the Water Chute (source)

Although the Water Chute was acquired by Kinderland when the activity park opened in 1985 – the chute itself had existed since 1932, operating independently for over 50 years.

The Historic Water Chute

Above: An early postcard featuring the Water Chute (source)

The earliest water chutes were developed during the early twentieth century, and by the 1920s were making their way into fairs and parks across the UK.

southport water chute

Above: An early Water Chute in Southport (from the author’s collection)

Blackpool, Southport, Southend-on-Sea all had one, and North Yorkshire was no exception, with chutes opening in both Hull and Scarborough. The design is often attributed to Charles Wicksteed, who founded Wicksteed Park in Kettering. This park also, unsurprisingly, features a Water Chute – one of the first to be built and one of only a few still in operation today.

Wicksteed

Above: The Water Chute at Wicksteed Park – very similar to the one in Scarborough (source)

Below: Charles Wicksteed (source)

Wicksteed

In 1928 construction of the Water Chute in Northstead Manor Gardens (also known as Scarborough Pleasure Park) began, taking four years to complete and eventually opening alongside the nearby Open Air Theatre in 1932.

Pleasure Park

Above: Water Chute (centre), Open Air Theatre (background) and the miniature railway on the left (source)

One year earlier, the miniature railway had transported its first passengers past the Water Chute site, then under construction.

BBC

Above: The early days of the North Bay Railway (source)

Northstead Manor Gardens, which also featured a boating lake, was built on Hobson’s Slack – the geography of the area was ideal for an amphitheatre. The Open Air Theatre has been recently redeveloped following its closure between 1986 and 2010. It has since hosted a range of big name acts including Status Quo and JLS.

Theatre

Above: The new Open Air Theatre (source)

The Water Chute has also benefited from recent regeneration in the Manor Gardens area. Having suffered vandalism and disrepair following the closure of former operator Kinderland in 2007, the attraction was restored and reopened in 2008 with funding from The Sands redevelopment project. It is now owned by North Bay Railway.

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Above: North Bay Railway logo (source)

Whilst advances in engineering and design have since produced ever more complex and thrilling water rides, there is still something to be said for the simple pleasure of the original Water Chute experience. Indeed, its endurance as an attraction (for over 80 years!) is testament to this fact.

Have you taken a ride on the Water Chute? Do you remember it being part of Kinderland? Are there any mistakes in this post? Please comment below.

Sources

North Bay Railway

UK Rides Info

National Fairground Archive

Wicksteed Park