Above: Merrie England (Stories From Scarborough Image Archive)
This was followed by Tom Jones in 1933 and Hiawatha in 1934.
Above: Tom Jones, 1933 (Stories From Scarborough Image Archive)
Below: Hiawatha, 1934 (Stories From Scarborough Image Archive)
Carmen was 1935’s crowd puller, while 1936 saw a return to an old favourite – Merrie England.
Above: Merrie England, principal cast members (Stories From Scarborough Image Archive)
Below: Carmen’s principal cast members, 1935 (Stories From Scarborough Image Archive)
In 1937 the theatre hosted The Pageant of Faust.
Above: Faust (Stories From Scarborough Image Archive)
This was followed by Tannhauser in 1938...
Above: Priniciple cast members of Tannhauser, 1938 (Stories From Scarborough Image Archive)
…and Bohemian Girl in 1939.
Above: Bohemian Girl, 1939 (Stories From Scarborough Image Archive)
You can read about Eileen Smith’s memories of participating in 1943‘s The Pay of the Pied Piper here, which was followed by A Midsummer Night’s Dream in 1944, and yet another Merrie England in 1945. 1946 introduced a new production – Maritana, while Hiawatha was 1947’s highlight – another repeat of a former production.
Above: Hiawatha, 1947 (Stories From Scarborough Image Archive)
1948, on the other hand, saw the return of Faust (The Pageant of).
Above: The cast of Faust (Stories From Scarborough Image Archive)
Robin Hood starred in the 1949 programme, followed by The Vagabond King in 1950 and Song of Norway in 1951.
Above: Song of Norway, 1951 (Stories From Scarborough Image Archive)
The Desert Song of 1952 was yet another spectacular affair:
Above: The Desert Song, 1952 (Stores From Scarborough Image Archive)
As was Annie Get Your Gun in 1953.
Above: Stars of Annie Get Your Gun, 1953 (Stories From Scarborough Image Archive)
1954’s Chu Chin Chow was a production set in the Middle, rather than the Far, East…
Above: Chu Chin Chow, 1954 (Stories From Scarborough Image Archive)
While 1955 transported audiences to America with Oklahoma, followed by the rather grand King’s Rhapsody in 1956.
Above: King’s Rhapsody, 1956 (Stories From Scarborough Image Archive)
1957 brought White Horse Inn and Showboat starred in 1958.
Above: Showboat, 1958 (Stories From Scarborough Image Archive)
1959’s The Merry Widow was another well received offering.
1960, 1961 and 1962 brought in further new productions – Summer Holiday, Carousel and Rose Marie respectively, while Desert Song returned for another run in 1963. After 1964’s South Pacific, The King and I ran for two years (1965-6) followed by Student Prince in 1967 and West Side Story in 1968. Although the 1961 film was a huge hit, West Side Story (the live musical) did not go down so well in Scarborough, and marked a period of gradual decline in popularity for the open air theatre.
There would be no further musicals performed there after West Side Story.
During the 1950s and 60s the theatre hosted It’s a Knockout on Wednesdays over eleven years. In the 1970s much of the island theatre set-up was demolished, and the final concert in 1986 featured James Last and His Orchestra.
Redevelopment began in 2008 and today’s Open Air Theatre opened in 2010.
Are there any shows missing from this list? Please get in touch or leave a comment below.
When Scarborough’s Open Air Theatre opened in 1932, in the heart of the new Northstead Manor Gardens, it was clear that this was to be no ordinary theatre. Actors occupied a stage in the middle of a lake, with an orchestra on floating barges, and performances faced constant threats of wind and rain, both of which could potentially jeopardise ambitious sets and carefully rehearsed musical numbers.
Above: The Open Air Theatre (source)
Yet in spite of the many risks, open air theatre performances enjoyed nationwide popularity in Britain during the 1930s. On July 17th, 1934, the Manchester Guardian noted:
Dramatic performances in the open air seem to be coming into vogue…
(‘In the Open Air’, Manchester Guardian Jul 17 1934)
The article then goes on to list a whole host of ambitious projects at range of different locations, including Regents Park (London), a park in Salford (Greater Manchester), Abinger (Surrey), MacBeth in Morecambe and outdoor theatre performances in Cambridge.
Above: Scarborough was not the only UK location experimenting with outdoor theatre (source)
Nonetheless, the outdoor theatre at Northstead Manor Gardens was surely one of the most unusual examples of this nationwide trend. One journalist at the Manchester Guardian was keen to note how impressed he was with Scarborough’s attempt to showcase Carmen in 1935.
…probably the first time a serious opera has been produced in the open air in England…
(‘“Carmen” in the open air: Scarborough experiment’, The Manchester Guardian, July 19, 1935 – all subsequent quotes are taken from this article)
The author, referred to only as G.A.H, had been invited to witness a rehearsal for the show on a unsettled grey day. His concerns lay mainly with how Carmen, a complex opera with many subtle and complicated musical moments, would fare in the open air, without a roof or walls to contain the acoustics and help the audience connect with the music.
The orchestra is placed in barges or rafts fronting the stage. The scenery is devised so that it may be sufficient for theatrical purposes while blending with natural surroundings…
However, he notes that:
…the music kept to a surprising degree its warmth and intensity…
He even names the key cast members: Miss Constance Willis as Carmen, as well as Mr Arthur Cox and Mr Redvers Llewellyn as male principles. There’s a postcard showing them below:
Above: The Carmen cast (source)
The orchestra was directed by Mr A C Keeton, and included 43 ‘sufficiently skilled’ players.
Above: Productions included not just acting and singing, but dancing too (source)
There was also a degree of West End glamour about the production, given that it was produced by a Mr Sumner Austin, who had worked at the Old Vic and Sadler’s Wells in London.
You can view Mr Austin’s directorial and producing credentials by clicking here.
Whilst complementary about the production, the Manchester Guardian journalist highlights the problems facing the cast and technical crew:
…alas that the rain came before it finished…
However, this was not the end of the world, and he notes that:
…a skilful company, good outdoor environment and favourable weather [means that] opera in the open can be artistically achieved…
One can’t help but admire the ambition of the Scarborough Amateur Operatic Society, who, year after year for over three decades embraced the unpredictable British weather to put on show after show of the highest quality.
Did you see any of their productions? Please comment or visit the Facebook Page.
The Manchester Guardian archive via Proquest Historical Newspapers
Scarborough’s North Bay Railway is one of the town’s most enduring and well-loved attractions. Passengers can board the train at either Northstead Manor Gardens (the stop, however is called ‘Peasholm‘, after nearby Peasholm Park) or Scalby Mills, and take a scenic ride through park, along the seafront and back again.
Above: The North Bay Railway (source)
The railway opened in 1931, as part of the brand new Northstead Manor Gardens (Pleasure Gardens), which would eventually include a water chute, open air theatre and boating lake. The gardens were the brainchild of Harry W Smith, a prolific engineer who designed many of the town’s most successful tourist attractions. However, the miniature railway proposals met with a mixed reception from locals, gaining the nickname ‘the Borough Engineer’s Toy’.
Above: From the early development of Northstead Manor Gardens at Hodgson’s Slack (source)
At 2pm, Saturday May 23, 1931, the railway began taking passengers. As with all of Scarborough’s opening ceremonies of this era, the occasion was a grand one, with the presentation of artefacts to the driver (see below). Neptune was the name of the original locomotive, and Alderman Whitehead, presiding over the occasion, made the following solemn decree:
“On behalf of the National Union of Drivers, Engineers and others, I have to present you, the first driver of the North Bay Railway Engine, with your insignia of office, your oil can and your ‘sweat rag’.”
Neptune is the oldest engine, having begun its service in 1931. Triton and Robin Hood followed only a year after, and in 1933, Poseidon. The first two locomotives are still owned by Scarborough Council (then the Scarborough Corporation), with the remaining two owned by the operators (North Bay Railway Company), to whom Triton and Neptune are leased.
Above: The train setting off from Peasholm station (source)
A number of companies were involved with the construction of the trains and carriages, including Robert Hudson Ltd (Leeds), Hudswell Clark, Slingsby and Armstrong and subsequent additions and restorative work completed by Rail Restorations North East Limited, of Shildon. The original carriages have undergone much restoration to ensure their survival to the present day. Furthermore, the Patent Enamel Company provided the station boards whilst advertising boards and posters were provided by LNER (London and North Eastern Railway).
Above: Passengers enjoy the picturesque Manor Gardens (source)
However, after only a year of operation disaster struck. In 1932, 10 July, a collision occurred at the now disused Beach station, overlooking the North Bay.
Driver Herbert Carr, only 25, lost his life, and numerous passengers were injured. Thankfully when a similar accident occurred in 1948, everyone survived and injuries were minimal.
On July 6, 1940, the attraction closed until Easter 1945. WWII no doubt led many to fear a repeat of the bombardment that occurred during WWI, and securing coastal defences took priority over the running of the railway. Interestingly enough, the small tunnel in Manor Gardens gained a new function – as a place for the Royal Naval School of Music to store their musical instruments whilst operating from the nearby Norbreck Hotel.
Above: The tunnel at Northstead Manor Gardens (source)
The railway was acquired from Scarborough Council in 2007 by the North Bay Railway Company, who also now operate the Water Chute, Boating Lake, Sky Trail and more. Thanks to their continuing hard work, the miniature railway still delights passengers today, and aspiring train drivers can even book a session at the controls.
Above: The train and the water chute in the background (source)
There are plenty of stories to be told about the railway – any memories are very welcome, as are corrections, additional details and so on.
Please comment below or get in touch via the Facebook Page.
A short history of the North Bay Railway
In-depth history of the attraction here
Materials held at the Scarborough Room at Scarborough Library
Scarborough was once a treasure trove of theatrical venues. Scarborough Opera House opened on St. Thomas Street in 1876, the Spa Theatre in 1879 and there was also live entertainment at the Aquarium, which opened in 1877.
Scarborough’s oldest theatre was the Theatre Royal, which opened in 1771, and there were many more not mentioned here, since demolished and/or redeveloped.
Some, like the Futurist (1920) and the Palladium Picture House (1912) served first as cinemas before accommodating live entertainment, and the outdoor performance space in Alexandra Gardens (1908) proved so popular that a roof was added, later becoming a full-blown theatre that could accommodate visitors during all weather conditions.
You can read more about Scarborough’s many former theatres by visiting this link.
The Open Air Theatre in Northstead Manor Gardens, however, was a little different. Once described as ‘The Drury Lane of the open air’, there was no protection here from the unpredictable British weather. It opened in 1932, and performances took place on a stage that was in fact located on an island in the middle of the lake at the centre of the gardens. This was truly an ambitious and exciting project for Scarborough…
Above: The Open Air Theatre (source)
The site in question was purchased by the Scarborough Corporation in 1926, to be developed into pleasure gardens, which would include a water chute, boating lake and miniature railway line. Known locally as Hodgson’s Slack, this natural ampitheatre offered an ideal setting for live entertainment, and would eventually accommodate as many as eight thousand audience members. For sell-out performances some would even sit on the nearby grassy banks, when seating proved insufficient to meet demand.
Above: From the opening night (source)
The first performance was a grand affair, opened by the Lord Mayor of London in the summer of 1932. He reportedly said:
The setting is ideal and constitutes a wonderful tribute to the imagination of whoever realised the possibilities to be derived from this particular park of the park, and also to the engineers who carried out the necessary embellishments and alterations which provide such a picturesque stage and background and also such splendid accommodation.
Merrie England, a well-known light opera penned by Sir Edward German, was the first production to be performed at the theatre, and one of many ambitious performances by Scarborough Amateur Operatic Society over the following decades. First performed in London, in 1902, the story is set during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I.
Above: Cast members from Merrie England at Scarborough’s Open Air Theatre (source)
Many productions enjoyed success here – West Side Story, Annie Get Your Gun, Carmen, Bohemian Girl, Hiawatha….
Above: Annie Get Your Gun (source)
Below: King’s Rhapsody (source)
In the 1950s It’s a Knockout became a popular addition to the theatre’s repertoire, continuing well after the last musical – West Side Story – was staged in 1968. The latter featured Hi-di-Hi actress Ruth Madoc in a starring role. Nine years later the dressing rooms and much of the scenery buildings on the island were removed, as was the seating, and, following the complete closure of the venue in 1986, the remaining structures fell into gradual decay.
Above: The theatre during its heyday (source)
In 2008, the go-ahead was received for a major redevelopment, and in 2010 the rejuvinated theatre was re-opened by the Queen. With a slightly reduced seating capacity of 6, 500, the venue has hosted, to date, a range of different acts, including Boyzone, Tom Jones and Elaine Paige in 2015, as well as community events in the past and even televised showings of England World Cup Matches in 2010, via a large screen.
You can see a list of upcoming events here.
Have you ever been to the Open Air Theatre? How do old and new compare? See any mistakes in the history above? If so please comment or get in touch. For more pictures and memories see the Facebook Page.
A brief history of the theatre
Materials held at the Scarborough Room at Scarborough Library
Above: The early days of Peasholm Park (source)
This muddy patch of farmland, and the neighbouring Rawling’s field were both eventually purchased by The Scarborough Corporation in the 1920s, eager to build on their Peasholm Park success by developing a tourist haven in and around Scarborough’s North Bay.
Above: Some of the original North Bay attractions, including the doomed pier (source)
Away from the grand hotels and seaside amusements of the South Bay, the North Bay was already becoming a draw for visitors, with multiple gardens, a short-lived pier and a revolving viewing tower. The new bathing pool, however, which opened in 1938 on the former Rawling’s Field site, was more successful, and endured for nearly seventy years under a variety of names, including Waterscene and Atlantis.
Above: Atlantis was worlds away from the humble North Bay Bathing Pool (source)
Although the North Bay Bathing Pool opened for bathers in 1938 – it operated for several years before this as a pool for tiny ‘speedboats’ – a somewhat exaggerated description given in various sources, given that both boats and pool were too small to allow for any excessive speeding.
Above: Here, more aptly named as the ‘Motor Boat Pool’ (from the author’s collection)
This boating pool or pond (as it was sometimes referred to) opened in 1935, and allowed riders to step aboard miniscule two-person motor boats for a jaunty circular trip. The idea seems somewhat humorous now – indeed, this lasted less than three years before the boats were transferred to the more ample boating lake in nearby Northstead Manor Gardens. Then the swimmers moved in.
Above: There was plenty of space for the boats at Manor Gardens (source)
Before the boating (and eventual bathing) pool was built, out of service fishing vessels were frequently left on the site, either to be fixed and returned to their seafaring duties, or to be left to rot, alongside other unwanted items. In a continuation of this tradition Scarborough’s own Hispaniola spent a period ‘moored’ here, next to Water Splash World (later Atlantis) after its banishment from the Mere in 1993. Now it sails once more, along the South Bay.
Above: The Hispaniola did not remain ‘dumped’ for long (source)
The land had further uses during the early 1900s – travelling circuses would pitch up and perform there. There are also rumours of an archery range, where champion archers such as Jack Flinton would compete during the summer months. Possibly. Other sources suggest that the archery was a summer activity for novices. Perhaps there was a bit of both. If indeed it happened here, on the site of the future bathing pool.
Above: Scarborough archer Jack Flinton at a Lancaster tournament – second from right (source)
Either way, this former field (once owned by the Rawling family) and small part of the former Northstead Estate has hosted plenty of ‘fun’ since the early 1900s. From bows and arrows to miniature boats; from circus tents to water slides. And, today, military-themed adventures.
Above: One of the old bathing pool buildings in the Military Adventure Park – top right (source)
Memories of the swimming pool(s) will inevitably endure – after all, there was a pool of some sort on the site from 1935 until 2007 – over seventy years in total. Although the slides and majority of the buildings were eventually demolished, remnants of the original 1930s structure still remain. But for how much longer?
All new information in this post (see highlighted links for existing sources/information) has been retrieved from old newspaper clippings held at the Scarborough Room at Scarborough Library. Most were from the Scarborough News (various dates), others from unnamed publications.
Please read the disclaimer to find out this project’s policies on sourcing and copyright issues.
One of Kinderland’s best loved features was the Water Chute.
Above: The Kinderland Water Chute (from the author’s personal collection)
Passengers boarded this boat-shaped vessel and were swiftly transported, via tracks, down to the nearby boating lake in Northstead Manor Gardens.
The descent ended with a huge splash, and the ride was completely free for Kinderland ticket holders.
Above: Another view of the Water Chute (source)
Although the Water Chute was acquired by Kinderland when the activity park opened in 1985 – the chute itself had existed since 1932, operating independently for over 50 years.
Above: An early postcard featuring the Water Chute (source)
The earliest water chutes were developed during the early twentieth century, and by the 1920s were making their way into fairs and parks across the UK.
Above: An early Water Chute in Southport (from the author’s collection)
Blackpool, Southport, Southend-on-Sea all had one, and North Yorkshire was no exception, with chutes opening in both Hull and Scarborough. The design is often attributed to Charles Wicksteed, who founded Wicksteed Park in Kettering. This park also, unsurprisingly, features a Water Chute – one of the first to be built and one of only a few still in operation today.
Above: The Water Chute at Wicksteed Park – very similar to the one in Scarborough (source)
Below: Charles Wicksteed (source)
In 1928 construction of the Water Chute in Northstead Manor Gardens (also known as Scarborough Pleasure Park) began, taking four years to complete and eventually opening alongside the nearby Open Air Theatre in 1932.
Above: Water Chute (centre), Open Air Theatre (background) and the miniature railway on the left (source)
One year earlier, the miniature railway had transported its first passengers past the Water Chute site, then under construction.
Above: The early days of the North Bay Railway (source)
Northstead Manor Gardens, which also featured a boating lake, was built on Hobson’s Slack – the geography of the area was ideal for an amphitheatre. The Open Air Theatre has been recently redeveloped following its closure between 1986 and 2010. It has since hosted a range of big name acts including Status Quo and JLS.
The Water Chute has also benefited from recent regeneration in the Manor Gardens area. Having suffered vandalism and disrepair following the closure of former operator Kinderland in 2007, the attraction was restored and reopened in 2008 with funding from The Sands redevelopment project. It is now owned by North Bay Railway.
Above: North Bay Railway logo (source)
Whilst advances in engineering and design have since produced ever more complex and thrilling water rides, there is still something to be said for the simple pleasure of the original Water Chute experience. Indeed, its endurance as an attraction (for over 80 years!) is testament to this fact.
Have you taken a ride on the Water Chute? Do you remember it being part of Kinderland? Are there any mistakes in this post? Please comment below.